Information for Authors

Ethical Issues

A manuscript is submitted for publication in Archives of Basic and Applied Medicine with the understanding that it is an original contribution, not previously published and not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Each person listed as an author is expected to have participated in the study to a significant extent. Although the editors and reviewers make every effort to ensure the validity of published manuscripts, the final responsibility rests with the authors, not with the Journal, its editors, or the publisher.

Patient anonymity and informed consent:

It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that a patient’s anonymity be carefully protected and to verify that any experimental investigation with human subjects reported in the manuscript was performed with informed consent and following all the guidelines for experimental investigation with human subjects required by the institution(s) with which all the authors are affiliated.

Conflicts of interest: Authors must state all possible conflicts of interest in the manuscript, including financial, consultant, institutional and other relationships that might lead to bias or a conflict of interest. If there is no conflict of interest, this should also be explicitly stated as none declared.

In addition, each author must complete and submit the journal’s copyright transfer agreement, which includes a section on the disclosure of potential conflicts of interest based on the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” ( The form is available at the end of this ‘instruction to authors’

Compliance with NIH and Other Research Funding Agency Accessibility Requirements

A number of research funding agencies now require or request authors to submit the post-print (the article after peer review and acceptance but not the final published article) to a repository that is accessible online by all without charge. As a service to our authors, the Editors encourage authors to submit all ABAM publications resulting from NIH-funded research to the NIH Public Access database: We request that you submit only the final, published, pdf version of the paper to the NIH, and that you set the date of public release for 6 months after the publication date.

Manuscript Submission

On-line manuscript submission: All manuscripts must be submitted on-line through the new Web site at 

First-time users: Please click the Register button from the upper menu and enter the requested information. On successful registration, you will be sent an e-mail indicating your user name and password. Print a copy of this information for future reference. Note: If you have received an e-mail from us with an assigned user ID and password, or if you are a repeat user, do not register again. Just log in. Once you have an assigned ID and password, you do not have to re-register, even if your status changes (that is, author, reviewer, or editor). Authors: Please click the log-in button from the menu at the top of the page and log in to the system as an Author. Submit your manuscript according to the author instructions. You will be able to track the progress of your manuscript through the system. If you experience any problems, please contact 

Submission as e-mail attachment: In case of difficulties in uploading manuscripts, authors may submit articles via e-mail to This alternative submission mode implies that the uploading of such manuscripts will be done by the editorial office, without the authors enjoying certain privileges such as choosing their usernames and passwords.   

Preparation of Manuscript

Manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

General format: Manuscripts should be prepared in English using Microsoft Word® and Times New Roman Font 12 on standard 8½ × 11-inch (21 × 28-cm) paper selection with at least a 1-inch (2.5 cm) margin on all sides. Double-space all sections, except legends, tables, and references.

Title page: Include on the title page (a) complete manuscript title; (b) authors’ full names and affiliations; (c) name and address for correspondence, including telephone number and e-mail address; (d) address for reprints if different from that of corresponding author; and (e) sources of support, including pharmaceutical and industry support, that require acknowledgment. The title page must also include disclosure of funding received for this work from any organizations

Abstract and key words: Limit the abstract to 250 words. It must be informative and completely self-explanatory written in the past tense. Briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. Limit the use of abbreviations and acronyms, and avoid general statements (eg, “the significance of the results is discussed”). List three to five key words or phrases.

Text: Organize the manuscript into four main headings: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion. Define abbreviations at first mention in text and in each table and figure. If a brand name is cited, supply the manufacturer’s name and address (city and state/country). Acknowledge all forms of support in an Acknowledgments paragraph.

References: Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references. References should be cited parenthetically by author‘s name, followed by the year of publication in parentheses. When there are more than two authors, only the first author‘s name should be mentioned, followed by ’et al‘. In the event that an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter like ’a‘ and ’b‘ after the date to distinguish the works. 


Adenija (2001), Alangoro et al., (2005), (Olodare and Katode, 2012), (Olusade, 1998; Chukwudada, 1994a, b; Tijaseba, 1993, 1995), (Kumatoni et al., 2011a,b,c)

References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order. Articles in preparation or articles submitted for publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. should not be included in the reference list. Adhere to the reference formats provided by the following examples:

Journal Articles:

Two authors: Yalow, R.S., and S.A. Berson. 1960. Immunoassay of endogenous plasma insulin in man. J. Clin. Invest. 39:1157-1175.

More than two authors:  Benditt, E.P., N. Ericksen, and R.H. Hanson. 1979. Amyloid protein SAA is an apoprotein of mouse plasma high density lipoprotein. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 76:4092-4096.

In press: Brown, W., and A. Nelson. 1983. Phosphorus content of lipids. J. Lipid Res. In press.

Complete Books

Myant, N.B. 1981. The Biology of Cholesterol and Related Steroids. Heinemann Medical Books, London. 882 pp.

Articles in Books

Innerarity, T.L., D.Y. Hui, and R.W. Mahley. 1982. Hepatic apoprotein E (remnant) receptor. In Lipoproteins and Coronary Atherosclerosis. G. Noseda, C. Fragiacomo, R. Fumagalli, and R. Paoletti, editors. Elsevier/North Holland, Amsterdam. 173-181.

Tables: Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the text. 

Figure: Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (Figure 1).

Figure Legends

Legends must be submitted for all figures. They should be brief and specific, and they should appear on a separate manuscript page after the references. Use scale markers in the image for electron micrographs, and indicate the type of stain used.

Color Figures

Archives of Basic and Applied Medicine charges for color on a per-figure basis. The first color figure per article is free. The charge for the second color figure is $100. The charge for each additional color figure is $50. In order to maximize the amount of color in your article while minimizing costs, please submit your work with multiple color figures (as many as 8) presented as panels in one multi-figure image file (or “plate”). For example, instead of submitting separate figures 1-4, combine these figures into one figure with 4 panels (a “plate”), named as “Figure 1A-C” or “Plate 1A-C”. Be sure to change the citations as appropriate in text as well. The Editorial Office will provide assistance in formatting your figures correctly.

Tables: Create tables using the table creating and editing feature of your word processing software (eg, Word, Word Perfect). Do not use Excel or comparable spreadsheet programs. Group all tables in a separate file. Cite tables consecutively in the text and number them in that order. Each table should appear on a separate page and should include the table title, appropriate column heads, and explanatory legends (including definitions of any abbreviations used). Do not embed tables within the body of the manuscript. They should be self-explanatory and should supplement, rather than duplicate, the material in the text.

Procedure after acceptance

The Authors should consider all the suggestions proposed by reviewers and the Editor, and carry out appropriate changes before submission of the ready-to-print version of their manuscript. The Editor retains the right to modify the style and length of a manuscript to make it conform to the editorial style of the journal. In any case, when major changes occur, the Authors will be consulted for their approval.

Article-processing charges

ABAM levies an article-processing and publication charge of per article accepted for publication. Details of payment will be made known to authors upon acceptance of the manuscript.

Proofs and reprints: Proofs will be sent to authors of accepted articles for the correction of printing errors only.

Editorial Notice: The Archives of Basic and Applied Medicine is published in February, June and October by the Faculty of Basic Medical sciences, University of Ibadan, Nigeria on a page sponsorship basis.