Knowledge of HIV and intention to engage in risky sexual behaviour and practices among Senior School Adolescents inIbadan, Nigeria

  • Kemisola Blessing Ajide
  • Folusho Mubowale Balogun

Abstract

A high proportion of adolescents still engage in behaviors that put them at risk of infectioncomplications of risky sexual behaviours including Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection despite the different interventions already in place to improve the knowledge of adolescents about HIV with the aim of influencing their sexual behaviours. Intension to perform a behavior have been linked with actual behavior performance. This study was designed to determine the knowledge of HIV, intension to engage in risky sexual behaviour and sexual practices among senior school adolescents in Ibadan, Nigeria. The mean age of the respondents was 16.3±1.4years and 126(52.5%) were females.Only 34.3% had good knowledge about HIV and there were misconceptions about its transmission.Almost all respondents (95.0%) had intension of engaging in risky sexual behavior and those with good knowledge of HIV were willing to engage in risky sexual behavour with familiar people. Good knowledge was associated with intension to engage in low risk sexual behavior. Seventy-nine (32.9%) were sexually active and they had better knowledge of HIV. The knowledge about HIV was low among this study group and was not associated with their intension to engage in risky sexual behavior.  There is need for more effective and appropriate school and community based intervention programmeswhich can impact positively on the adolescents’ sexual behaviour

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Published
2018-02-28
Section
Section A (Public Health Research)