Teachers’ Training and Involvement in School Health Program in Oyo State, South-West Nigeria
School Health Program (SHP) currently lacks effective implementation in Nigeria. Lack of training/orientation of teachers in the program may have contributed to this. Developing an appropriate training interventions may require prior situation analysis to know teachers’ current level of training and involvement in the program, as such study is currently lacking in Oyo State. Thus, this study was carried out to assess primary school teachers’ training and participation in the SHP in Oyo state, Nigeria. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted using a 2-stage cluster sampling method to select 2 out of the 33 LGAs in Oyo State. A semi-structured self-administered questionnaire was used to obtain information on respondents’ characteristics and previous training and participation in the SHP. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square test at p=0.05. Twenty-eight percent of the respondents reported previous training in the SHP out of whom 44.7% received the training on-the-job. Forty-seven percent were regularly involved in health inspection of pupils. Teachers who taught health education (92.3%) were involved in health inspection of pupils compared with their counterparts (74.4%) (p<0.001). Similarly, 85.3% of teachers trained on-the-job were frequently involved in the SHP compared with 73.6% of those trained during undergraduate years (p=0.026). The training and participation of public primary school teachers in the SHP in Oyo State were suboptimal. Efforts at building the capacity of teachers through on-the-job training in SHP may be found necessary to improving the current level of implementation in the State
2. Van der Vynckt, S. (1992). Primary School Health: where are we, where are we going?” realities in the life of school children in third world. Hygie XI 1992; 45-49.
3. World Health Organization (1991). Quarterly Newsletter Bulletin. WHO, Lagos, Nigeria; 6: 2-9.
4. Eke, A. N. (1988). School education a neglected primary health care component. Nig Sch Hlth J 1988; 7:105-109.
5. Jewkes, R. K., O’Connor, B. (1990). Crisis in our schools in Bloomsbury health district. Bri. Med J; 301:1085-1087.
6. Fagbulu, A. M. (1988). Planning quality relocation at the primary level. In: Improving the quality of primary education in Nigeria. Report of a seminar implementation committee on National policy on Education in Nigeria. Federal ministry of Education, Lagos: pages 8-25.
7. Akanni, N. A., Nkanginieme, K. E. O., Oruamabo, R. S. (2001). The school Health Programme: A situational Revisist. Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics; 28(1):1-6.
8. Adebayo, A. M. & Owoaje, E. T. (2016). Quality of Implementation of the School Health Program in Oyo State, South-West Nigeria: A Rural-Urban Comparative Survey. American Journal of Educational Research Vol. 4 No. 4, 307-313.
9. Kuponiyi, O. T., Amoran, O. E. & Kuponiyi, O. T. (2016). School health services and its practice among public and private primary schools in Western Nigeria. Kuponiyi et al. BMC Res Notes; 9: 203. DOI 10.1186/s13104-016-2006-6
10. Anate, M. (1993). Adolescent fertility: a panoramic view of the problems. Nig Med Practitioner; 25:3-9.
11. Ochor, J. O. S. (1988). Analysis of primary health care programmes in Bendel State primary Schools. Nig Schl Hlth J; 7: 50-60.
12. Adebayo, A. M. & Onadeko, M. O. (2015). Role perception of public primary schoolteachers regarding the school health program in Oyo State, south-western Nigeria: a rural–urban comparative study. J Public Health. DOI 10.1007/s10389-015-0668-5
13. Adebayo, A. M., Onadeko, M. O. (2016). Knowledge of School Health Programme among Public Primary School Teachers in Oyo State, South-Western Nigeria: A Rural-Urban Comparative Study. African Journal of Reproductive Health September; 19 (3): 55-60.
14. Ademokun, O. M., Osungbade, K. O. & Obembe, T. A. (2014). A Qualitative Study on Status of Implementation of School Health Programme in South Western Nigeria: Implications for Healthy Living of School Age Children in Developing Countries American Journal of Educational Research; 2(11): 1076-1087.
15. Jourdan, D. (2011). Health Education in Schools: The Challenge of Teacher Training. Saint-Denis: Inpes, coll. Sante en action; 144p.
16. Jourdan, D., Pommier, J., Quidu. F. (2009). Practices and representations of health education among primary school teachers Scand J Public Health. http://sjp.sagepub.com/content/early/2009/10/22/1403494809350518.abstract (Last accessed on 1st July, 2015)
17. St. Leger, L., Nutbeam, D. (2000). Research into Health Promoting Schools. Journal of School Health; 70 (6): 257-259.
18. INSERM (2003). Operational expert assessment of children's and adolescents' health and proposed ways of preserving it. INSERM, Paris, 190pp
19. St Leger, L. (2006). Health promotion and health education in schools-trends, effectiveness and possibility. Research report 06/02. Melbourne: Royal Automobile Club of Victoria (RACV) Ltd. 2006
20. Dobia, B. & O’Rouke, V. G. (2011). Promoting the mental health and well-being of Indigenous children in Australian primary schools. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia